Dachshunds come in Five major patterns
Brindles have a distinct tiger stripe pattern over the base coat color. It can appear over any color. It is dominant which means one of the parents must show the pattern for it to appear.
Dapples have spotting or marbling of a lighter color mixed in with base coat color. It is dominant which means one of the parents must have the pattern; however the pattern may be “hidden” (not visible). It can appear over any color. Red dapple-dappling is lighter red, black/tan dapple-dappling is grey/silver, chocolate/tan dappling is an eggnog color; blue/tan dappling is diluted eggnog color. If dappling occurs in eyes, eyes will be blue (can be one or both) or just have blue flecks in them. It is impossible to have blue eyes in a dachshund without the dapple pattern.
CAN ONLY OCCUR WHEN TWO DAPPLE DACHSHUNDS ARE BRED TOGETHER. A double dapple will be a dappled dachshund with patches of white also mixed in. It can appear over any color. The dapple gene is lethal in double doses, 4% of all double dapples born are blind or deaf or both. Most usually have two blue eyes but can have only one blue eye and on occasion two brown eyes. It is impossible to have blue eyes on a dachshund without the dapple gene. A double dapple will make all dapple offspring when bred. WE DO NOT BREED DAPPLE TO DAPPLE!!
There are three degrees of white spotting possible in the dachshund only two of the three degrees should be registered as piebald. The first degree of white spotting is ‘Irish white spotting’. This is any small amount of white on a dachshund without four white paws, a white tipped tail and a white chest. This minimum amount of white spotting should NOT be registered as a piebald but simply as the base coat color. The second degree is ‘piebald white spotting’. This would be the minimum amount of white being four completely white paws, a white tipped tail, and a white chest and then up to 80% of white on the coat. The third degree is ‘extreme piebald white spotting’. This is more than 80% of the coat is white. Both the second and third degrees of white spotting should be registered as piebald. These can appear with any color. White spotting is recessive which means both parents must be showing or carrying for it. It can appear with the dominant patterns brindle and dapple, but AKC does not recognize the dapple piebald pattern and they should be registered as dapple. White spotting can have ticking. Ticking is little dots of color in the white and is dominant meaning a parent must have it.
A true red sable/wildboar will appear to be black and tan from a distance. The undercoat beneath black being red. Sable/wildboar is a very heavy layer of black over the base coat color. This is an uncommon pattern. This is a pattern that cannot be truly labeled until puppies reaches 6 months of age.